buildings and housing

Gap-fill exercise

Fill in all the gaps, then press "Check" to check your answers. Use the "Hint" button to get a free letter if an answer is giving you trouble. You can also click on the "[?]" button to get a clue. Note that you will lose points if you ask for hints or clues!
1. A friend of mine recently told me about the complications of having a house built. First of all she went to a (organization which lends out money for building) to find out how much (credit) they would allow her. Then she visited an (housing adviser) to establish which of (land) were available. After a few weeks she found a plot of ground in a residential area, had it plotted out by a (person who measures land), and completed the payment formalities with the (person to whom it belonged). Thereafter she approached an (designer of buildings), told him what she required and, after some difficulties, had the blueprint approved by the (government body concerned with building). The architect then arranged for a (person who co-ordinates the building of houses) to take charge of the building of the house, and, apparently, they have now just finished laying the . She hopes to into her new house next March.
2. Other words used to mean 'build' include construct, erect and ; other ways of saying 'to break down' is to say or . To a house means to improve the condition of the building; to a house means to try to put it back into its original condition.
3. 'John, would you put the garden tools back into the (small construction in the garden) for me, please?'
4. When I was living in London in the Seventies, I remember an incident in which a new of (number of apartments) in Chelsea was taken over by a group of (people who don't pay rent). The law at the time was that if a place was empty and the people did not have to force entry into the building, then it was not illegal to take it over. In this case someone had left the front door of the block open. It took the owner a year to eject the group of people.
5. Some of the materials used in the building of walls include (reddish orange blocks), (very hard greyish material), (a softer greyish mixture), (a smooth, very heavy, expensive material with various colour patterns) and (a reddish type of earth used to build huts in Africa and to make pottery). After a wall has been built, it is often covered in a whitish substance called .
6. The closed-off area where they are busy building is called a .
7. Two words used to mean tall buildings include and - building.
8. Plants which require a certain temperature and degree of humidity to grow are usually cultivated in , especially in northern countries.
9. No, I don't own the flat. I'm a and have to pay each month.
10. The wooden, door-like attachments outside windows are called . The glass of the window is called the , and the shelf below the window is called the or window ledge.
11. Some constructions you might expect to find on a farm would be (places in which hay is stored), (buildings in which horses are kept), (places where cows are kept) and (tall towers in which food for animals is kept fresh).
12. It is a law that large buildings have sufficient fire security features. Such features include fire extinguishers, fireproof doors, heat and smoke detection systems, sprinkler systems and (special staircases).
13. The various types of curtains or stands used to divide a room in two are called .
14. When it rains, rain falls on the roof, runs down into the (channel along the edge of the roof) and then goes down the (tube which runs down the side of the house) onto the ground.
15. A tubular-shaped, concrete construction used to support a roof or for decorative purposes is called a . A or rafter is a thick length of wood beneath the roof, which is visible when the room has no ceiling.
16. Among the many words used to describe various types of housing are (small houses in the country or by the sea), houses (houses which stand alone), houses (two houses connected), houses (several houses all connected), houses (large blocks of flats together, usually in poorer areas), (wooden houses normally in the mountains or forests), (large, imposing-looking houses), and shacks (roughly-built houses found in the slums or by the sea).
17. If I were you, I wouldn't use the wearing those high-heeled shoes. I'd take the stairs or the lift.
18. In housing advertisements, the phrase is used to mean that the place in question has all the normal facilities like heating and sanitary installations that one would expect to find in a house or flat.
19. A small room used for storing food is called a .
20. I n the USA, a block of apartments each owned by its occupant is called a .
21. Among some words indicating what is beneath the house are (storage room), (garage or flat below ground level) and, in Switzerland, an - (reinforced room built to protect against aerial attack); words relating to the top of the house include (storage room or flat beneath the roof) and (large appartment on the top floor).
22. Two types of roofing are (small squares) roofs and (grass) roofs.