Elephant mother and baby The elephant is the largest animal to walk on Earth. An elephant can carry a load of 1200 pounds. They eat 300 pounds of food a day. An elephant baby can weigh 200 pounds at birth. Elephants can live up to 70 years.

Elephants can be trained to carry logs with their trunks, and have been used in the forestry industry in Asia for many years. Working Elephant

Elephants also use their trunks for drinking water, bathing, and eating and communicating. Bathing

Elephant telephone! Recently it was discovered that elephants can communicate over a distance of several miles using infrasonic sounds inaudible to humans. Elephant telephone!

Elephant cooling system! Elephants use their ears as a cooling system. Blood flows through veins in the ears and as the elephant flaps his ears, the blood cools and flows through his body to cool off other parts. 

Elephant feet Elephant feet are large and round. They distribute the large animal's weight effectively. In the past, elephants were killed and their feet were made into umbrella stands and small tables for tourists. Now elephants are protected by special laws.

There are two kinds of elephants: the African elephant and the Indian elephant. African elephants can be identified by the larger ears. The African elephant grows up to 10 feet tall and weighs as much as 12,000 pounds. Indian Elephant

Circus Elephant The Indian elephant grows up to 9 feet tall, and weighs up to 8000 pounds. It's easier to identify because of its smaller ears. Most circus elephants are Indian elephants. Another name for the Indian elephant is the Asian elephant.

Elephant near a village Unfortunately, there is a growing conflict between elephants and humans as more of the elephants' habitat is developed. Elephants can destroy the crops of an entire village in a single night, and this also causes conflict. At the moment, there are about 600,000 elephants remaining in Africa.

The greatest threat to elephants is the ivory trade. Most commercial ivory comes from elephant's tusks. From 1979 to 1989 was a bad time for African elephants. About 70,000 wild elephants were killed for ivory each year. In 1989 an international treaty limited the trade in ivory, decreasing the number of elephants killed, but elephants are still being killed for ivory. Please don't ever buy anything made from ivory! Don't even buy anything that looks like ivory!
Read the article to answer the questions:
Choose the correct answer for each question.
Then click on the Check Answers button.

1. How much does a baby elephant weigh at birth?
   70 pounds    200 pounds
 300 pounds   1200 pounds

2. True or False: An elephant cannot carry things with its trunk.
True  False

3. Elephants also use their trunks for:
drinking water and eating
a cooling system

4. "Inaudible" means:
I can't hear it.
It's very noisy.

5. Hunters made umbrella holders out of:
Elephants' trunks.   Elephants' tails.
Elephants' feet.   Elephants' teeth.

6. Which kind of elephant is the largest?
the Indian Elephant
the African Elephant

7. An Indian Elephant has___than the African Elephant.
a longer tail   a stronger trunk
smaller ears   bigger teeth

8. What part of an elephant's body is used to cool the elephant?
The tail.   The trunk.
The feet.   The ears.

9. What animal is the most dangerous to an elephant?
Human beings.  
Lions.   Zebras.

10. How can you help elephants?
Don't eat elephant burgers!
Never buy ivory!
Don't go to Africa.